Category: Graphics

Another mini project – a resource manager

Another mini project – a resource manager

Castle imageIn my ebook I talked about professional games using a resource manager. Games like Quake 2 use a .pak file which stores all images, levels etc. The first stage towards writing a resource manager is to have some way of compressing files. Most graphic file formats such as jpg, gif and png are already compressed. But other files like level files aren’t, typically text and so will compress well.

So a resource manager if it understands the type of resources it is handling can compress or not according to the file type. It will bundle everything into one archive file, and maintain a simple directory indicating where in the archive file each resource file starts, length and type.

However there is the issue of security. The idea of the resource manager is to protect your assets. I have two old games from the Dos days (bought recently on gog.com and playable in Windows)  and a quick glance in the games folder shows some interesting files! That’s one of them shown above. It’s parts of a castle. There are hundreds of graphic files just lying there in the open. They are in an older graphic format (.pcx) but SDL2_image can read those quite happily.

So not only should a resource manager protect your files, it should obscure them so anyone inspecting them with a binary file editor can’t easily spot them.

That brings me to the 2nd point about security. Your program has to be able to use the resources directly from the resource manager rather than say unpack them into a folder on disk. According to this stackexchange answer, SDL2 can do that, so something for me to experiment with.

So I’m starting on a simple and easy to use resource manager. It’ll be implemented as a simple library that provides access to images, text files etc. all loaded from a resource file. And there will be a standalone utility to add, delete and list files in that resource file.

 

I’m tempted to go Nuklear

I’m tempted to go Nuklear

Gallery Image of GUI developed with NuklearNuklear is a library that is a single-header ANSI C immediate mode cross-platform GUI toolkit. It lets you develop stylish and beautiful GUIs for your applications. It’s written in C but any programming language that can work with C such as C++ or Python can also use it.

Importantly, it also includes documentation so you can make use of it. The best software in the world is useless if you can’t use it and GUI toolkits tend to be a little bit more complicated than say a text editor.  This is nicely written, and though it’s just one document, it’s a long one!

It’s one thing to write a simple GUI as I did in that Empire game but mine was only 600 lines long and pretty rough looking. Nuklear is 18,000 lines long ie 30x as big.  If there’s one thing I’ve found from my software development experience, it’s that a nice looking piece of software will get away with having more bugs than something that looks not as nice.